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Workshop on “The Approaches to Produce True Healthy Tree Cultivars”

Following the MoU signed between the National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB) and the University of Cordoba on March 2018, and in order to expand the international scientific collaborations, the workshop on “The Approaches to Produce True Healthy Tree Cultivars” was held at NIGEB on 28 October 2018, with the presence of Prof. Luis Rallo from the university of Cordoba, collaborating with Prof. Hosseini Mazinani, aiming to investigate the current status of the country and the present rules due to produce and certify the true healthy cultivars using the modern bio-methods, with emphasis on Olive cultivars, as a successful model. The Center for International Scientific Studies and Collaboration (MSRT) partially supported this event.

The workshop was held by the presence of NIGEB’s faculties, students, and also representatives from the Ministry of Agricultural Jihad department of Horticulture, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Horticultural Sciences Research Institute, Agriculture Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), and some other research institutes.

Prof. Rallo is currently the head of international project of producing the true healthy olive cultivars, which is being supported by the International Olive Council (IOC), and other member countries including Iran.

In his first lecture titled “IOC-True Healthy Olive Cultivars Project: Objectives and Methods”, Prof. Rallo declared how they technically and empirically try to certify the true and healthy tree cultivars in Europe. His second presentation was about “Climatic Change: Selecting and Breeding Cultivars of Low Chilling Requirements”. The most significant issue in this subject is how to shorten the juvenile period and to accelerate the flowering process of the tree.

Prof. Hosseini Mazinani briefly also explained the progresses in olive research project in Iran and expressed that the most important issue in olive research is to identify the various cultivars, while fortunately some precious works have been done in that case in identifying the Iranian cultivars and introducing them to the world.

Rahmatollah Parichehr (on behalf of Mohammad Ali Tahmasbi, Department of Horticulture, Ministry of Agricultural Jihad), explained the role of olive office of the ministry on establishing a standard procedure for olive tree expansion, and how to produce necessary cuttings through identification of suitable mother cultivars. Furthermore he presented some statistic on world’s major olive fruit and oil producing countries and also the ranking of Iran among these countries. Iran is the 13th country of the world according to the area under cultivation of olive, and the 20th due to yield, he declared.

Last lecture was presented by Tohid Sobhanverdi (on behalf of Dr. Pejman Azadi, ABRII) by explaining the necessity of having a standard measurement for the trees obtained by tissue culture/ micropropagation method. The rules should be considered by all tissue culture companies throughout the country.